Terpenes are known to show synergistic effects in combination with c-compounds. The effect is known as the “entourage effect,” and because the ingredients magnify each other’s impact.
Terpenes offer physical effects which include:
- Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and antifungal properties
- Pain relief
- Relief from muscle spasms
Additionally, certain terpenes ease the mental impact of:
Myrcene has citrusy and herbal aromas. Mostly present in fruits like mango, it acts as a muscle relaxant. Myrcene also contains anti-inflammatory properties, according to the National Library of Medicine.
Linalool is a naturally occurring terpene in lavender. It’s a strong aroma, can be sedative, and is often used in essential oils for aromatherapy purposes. Linalool’s relaxing properties address issues like anxiety and depression.
Pinene’s pine aroma comes from the pine needles and conifer trees where it is found. It offers anti-inflammatory properties and offers relief as a bronchodilator, increasing airflow to the through the body and into the lungs.
Limonene is found in citrus fruits. It is abundant in nature and in assisting in the treating of depression and anxiety. As a bonus, the sweet fragrance elevates the mood. Limonene’s antioxidant properties aid in treating inflammation in the lungs.
Humulene’s earthy aroma is found in hops. It is also known as α-caryophyllene and aids in tumor and cancer treatments. It is also an appetite suppressant with anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties, as well, according to HelloMD.
It is also termed as β-caryophyllene and gives off a woody aroma. It is also found in black pepper. Caryophyllene has anti-inflammatory properties, and is commonly found in multiple strains.
Borneol has a minty aroma, and is yet another terpene that can act as an anti-inflammatory, especially for lung inflammation and neuropathic pain, as noted by the National Library of Medicine.
Terpineol’s aroma is especially reminiscent of lilacs, and is found in perfumes. It offers strong sedative effects, according to De Gruyter.